By David S. Mason
Highlighting the main occasions, rules, and contributors that experience formed smooth Europe, this clean and energetic e-book offers a concise heritage of the continent from the Enlightenment to the current. Drawing at the enduring topic of revolution, David S. Mason explores the political, financial, and clinical motives and outcomes of revolution; the advance of human rights and democracy; and problems with eu identification and integration. He intentionally avoids a close chronology of each state and period of time through emphasizing the main the most important occasions that experience formed Europe. Fourteen concentrated chapters tackle such topical concerns because the Enlightenment; the French Revolution and Napoleon; the commercial Revolution; the theories and influence of Marx and Darwin; the revolutions of 1848, 1917, and 1989; the unifications of Germany and Italy; ecu imperialism; the 2 international wars; the chilly warfare; the evolution and enlargement of the eu Union; and present demanding situations confronting Europe. Any reader who desires a wide sweep of eu historical past will locate this publication a fascinating narrative, supplemented with maps, timelines, sidebars, photographs, and a glossary.
“David Mason’s account of eu heritage from the Enlightenment to the current bargains an authoritative synthesis of significant advancements during this various and complicated interval. Written in a lucid and interesting sort, truly dependent and concise, this survey is either finished and readable. it really is like minded as an introductory textbook for school undergraduates.” —Jolanta T. Pekacz, Dalhousie college
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Additional info for A Concise History of Modern Europe: Liberty, Equality, Solidarity (3rd Edition)
Among them were virtually all of the European monarchs, who saw events in France as an ominous portent for their own rule. ” But Louis was captured and brought back to Paris. The new constitution was put into force, and a legislative assembly was elected. Prussia and Austria soon joined in a war against France, and when their troops began to move into France, charges that Louis was in collusion with foreign monarchs provoked a new insurrection in Paris. New elections were called, and in September 1792, the newly elected National Convention scrapped the recent constitution, abolished the monarchy, and declared the establishment of the first French republic.
Smith applied Enlightenment ideas about the natural state of things to the economy and the market, arguing that government interference in the economy violated the interplay of natural forces of competition and supply and demand. In his nine-hundred-page opus, The Wealth of Nations, Smith discussed how selfinterest could work for the common good. ” He argued for a system of laissez-faire (from the French, meaning “let do”) in which the government abstained from interfering in the economy. These ideas shattered the prevalent doctrines of protectionism and mercantilism and became the basis for what would develop into capitalism.
The assembly then turned to the task of determining the principles on which a new political regime would be based. The result, passed by the assembly on August 26, was the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen, similar in impact to the American Declaration of Independence and later the symbolic foundation of the French Republic. The declaration clearly reflects Enlightenment ideals and the ideas and language of Rousseau, Montesquieu, and Locke. ” King Louis XVI refused to sign the declaration, and most of the deputies at this point still assumed that his signature was necessary before the document could become official.
A Concise History of Modern Europe: Liberty, Equality, Solidarity (3rd Edition) by David S. Mason