By J Lee Thompson
Whilst Alfred Milner (1854-1925) was once knighted, he took as his motto Communis Patria, 'patriotism for our universal country'. through this he intended the broader patriotism of the British Empire, the furthering of which he made his life's paintings. this is often the 1st research of Milner to take his politics, or 'constructive' imperialism as its basic topic. His profession is tested as an entire, from the genesis of his imperial ideology at Oxford, via his time as excessive Commissioner in South Africa in the course of the Boer struggle, to his days as Minister of struggle throughout the ultimate seven months of the 1st global warfare. Famously, Milner propagated his principles via his 'kindergarten', a gaggle of like-minded younger male acolytes. during this interesting ebook, J Lee Thompson additionally discovers a gaggle of younger woman supporters of his imaginative and prescient. This e-book relies on large fundamental examine in data within the united kingdom, North the United States and South Africa.
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Extra info for A Wider Patriotism: Alfred Milner and the British Empire
With Gladstone and the Liberals back in power, Abbas decided to test the limits of his power by bypassing Cromer and appointing a new Prime Minister, Tigrane Pasha, to replace Mustapha Fahmi. 60 Milner seconded Cromer and Rosebery pledged his support. At the same time, Joseph Chamberlain sent Milner a note from Highbury thanking him for a copy of his book and commenting that the crisis ‘seems to be very serious’. 61 From Egypt, the diplomat Arthur Hardinge, whose heavy-handed course as Charge d’Affaires while Cromer was away had helped to bring on the crisis, also reported on events.
His priorities were retrenchment, civil service reform, and improvement of the position of the fellaheen, the peasant lower classes. To carry out this program meant the British occupation must go on for some time. Milner’s view of Baring verged on hero worship. He called him the indispensable man and appraised his ‘unostentatious supremacy’ as a ‘real masterpiece of political management’. 8 Of Baring, Milner told Goschen two months after his arrival, he had ‘seen little yet, though he is always extremely friendly.
Mentally prepared for battle even before he left England for South Africa, Milner declared at a farewell dinner that he considered himself a ‘civilian soldier of the empire’. 66 4 BUILDING BRIDGEHEADS TO WAR To support his intended policy in South Africa, Milner counted on a network of press, political and social connections without which he could never have succeeded. 1 The future Lord Esher commented to W. T. Stead that Milner had ‘a heavy job; and has to start de novo’. 2 In his new journal, the Review of Reviews, Stead lauded Milner as an ‘Imperialist of the purest water’ who could be relied upon to do ‘all that can be done to make South Africa, from Table Mountain to Tanganyika, as loyally British as Kent or Middlesex’.
A Wider Patriotism: Alfred Milner and the British Empire by J Lee Thompson
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