By A. Daguerre
Studying fresh coverage responses to social exclusion within the US, France, Denmark, the united kingdom, and on the european point for the reason that 1997, Daguerre argues that the advance of energetic labour industry regulations isn't the resolution and that the reforms are indicative of a shift in the direction of conditional welfare. The e-book is predicated on in-depth interviews with key coverage makers.
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Extra info for Active Labour Market Policies and Welfare Reform: Europe and the US in Comparative Perspective
2 provides an overview of the meanstested, public assistance programmes. Three key points are particularly relevant to drawing distinctions between US and European social protection systems. 2 Means-tested public assistance programmes Medicaid: Supplementary Security Income (SSI): Food Stamp Programme: Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC): Federal health-care programme which covers low-income elderly people but also TANF and Supplementary Security Income beneficiaries. TANF recipients are no longer automatically entitled to Medicaid.
Ultimately, welfare reform reauthorisation was included as part of the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 and was signed by the President on 8 February 2006. Overall, the new legislation strengthens the Work First approach which dominated TANF, as well as the family values agenda promoted by Republicans but also, increasingly, moderate Democrats. This chapter is divided into three sections. Firstly, I analyse the institutional weaknesses of social assistance programmes in the United States. Secondly, I describe the first wave of welfare reform in the 1990s and analyse the influence of Conservative and moralistic ideas in the design of TANF.
Both countries are characterised by low spending on passive and active labour market policies. They are likely to adopt cheap Work First measures rather than costly Human Capital policies. 2). In the United States, laid-off workers find new jobs more rapidly than in Europe, but have to accept large pay cuts to become re-employed both because unemployment benefits are typically low and because loss of unemployment often results in a loss of health insurance cover. The development of a Work First model is rooted in a residual system of unemployment protection.
Active Labour Market Policies and Welfare Reform: Europe and the US in Comparative Perspective by A. Daguerre