By Andrew Gamble
This ebook is a concise advisor to the most doctrines and developments in Western social and political proposal because the French Revolution. basically and easily written, the ebook contains short biographical info of significant person thinkers in addition to an annotated bibliography which provides tips to additional studying.
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Extra resources for An Introduction to Modern Social and Political Thought
But such an economic system requires considerable trust if it is to work. The money must be reasonably stable in value, otherwise producers will feel cheated, and it must be acceptable as widely as possible, otherwise the chain of transactions will break down and the market will cease to function. It should be obvious even from so brief an account as this that a market is a highly precarious and artifical thing, since a basic security for property, contracts and money must exist in order to guarantee a degree of certainty sufficient to make individual production and exchange flourish; yet at the same time such security does not flow spontaneously from the 38 MODERN SOCIAL AND POLITICAL THOUGHT interaction of the producers, nor can any individual producer ensure it.
4 The origins of capitalism In order for capitalism as a new mode of production to develop certain conditions had to be established, conditions which ultimately completed the disintegration and disappearance of older forms of economic organisation. They centred around the development of a market economy in which acts of production and acts of exchange became separated, production became oriented to exchange rather than to use, and goods therefore acquired in addition to their specific use value, a generalised exchange value.
They could not avoid social and political change, and such change would always be for the worse, a move still further away from lost perfection. Such a low estimate of human abilities and such an adverse judgement on human pretensions, directed attention away from the future towards the past and encouraged a renunciation of the world and the possibilities of improvement. The Christian tradition, particularly that deriving from Saint Augustine, further strengthened this attitude, for although Christian thinkers did believe in a future golden age, it was a golden age beyond the grave, in another world, and one that would be announced by the destruction of the existing world.
An Introduction to Modern Social and Political Thought by Andrew Gamble
Categories: History Theory